Tuesday, May 26, 2020
The New Angle On Usc Essay Samples Just Released What to Expect From Usc Essay Samples? Demonstrated interest is critical in the current competitive admissions scene to stick out from the remainder of the pack. If you need assistance thinking through your aims, here are a few general tips which may come handy. I understand that I'm as many different persons asking your help and that is the reason I wrote sheer truth about me and my efforts to turn into well-educated individual. What Does Usc Essay Samples Mean? Just remember to be precise of what you're interested in, why you could be passionate about that, and why you're supposed to study this at USC. USC is among the most well-known colleges on the west coast. It's important to understand what USC offers, so you're able to chat about how those resources and facilities can allow you to reach your interests or support your studies in a particular field. Unlock all of these in 1 go with our USC Package! By the conclusion of your essay, you must have convinced USC that it's the very best school that will help you obtain your dreams and that, given the chance, you would take total benefit of their resources as a way to acquire those dreams. The target of your statement is to notify the admissions committee why you're the best person for their program. While we expect the great majority of our applicants will continue to apply with just the LSAT, you can want to contemplate whether the GRE is the right alternate. In years past I believed I could not distinguish myself in academics and sports. Introducing Usc Essay Samples David understands the tone perfect, something which isn't easy to do in a transfer essay. Bridget's essay is quite strong, but there continue to be a couple little things that could be made better. Stephen's essay is quite effective. There's no ideal solution on the best way to compose an effective essay. Possessing good essay examples provides the reader an in-depth and on-the-court idea about what a well structured and coherent essay appears like. However, there are specific guideline that you can use for you to make that outstanding essay. Here is a good example of the way to attain the specificity you want. The absolute most intriguing essays will concentrate on small, personal moments that have shaped the way that you find the world. Show what you've gained from this experience and permit the reader realize that you are someone students would wish to be around. While it's not about the subject you opt to write about, it's more about how that topic is related to your life. The author starts with a rather in depth story of an event or description of an individual or place. The essay may also be the most challenging portion of the application. Your introduction is critical. The review isn't formulaic we attempt to envision your performance at the following level. With a powerful processor and among the latest Android operating systems, performance won't ever be a problem. It will help them understand how you're presenting yourself in your program, and they can also supply you with useful feedback. Late applications won't be considered. Don't use the personal statement to just reiterate information found in other regions of your application. If you're feeling your paragraphs aren't flowing together, consider organizing them chronologically! Ultimately, the detail of real speech makes the scene pop. You may want to make a more flexible or fluid structure. This is, obviously, the most important feature of the prompt. Don't hesitate to put in your portfolio work you've done for assignments in class, work you have done all on your own, or both. In some instances, you should submit these by December 1. Applicants must get the minimum necessary score to be thought about. Expect to finish a minimum of 3 drafts. Where to Find Usc Essay S amples Exceedingly cheap writing service should alert you your work is going to be accomplished by not an expert writer. Writing an essay is an essential role in academe life. Writing in script form isn't required. If you're asking for a scholarship, the odds that you want to compose an essay are high. Usc Essay Samples Ideas There's, clearly, a limit on the range of pages even our finest writers can produce with a pressing deadline, but usually, we can satisfy all the clients seeking urgent assistance. Think of why you're applying to the school in the very first location, and brainstorm, picking a few ideas that you could elaborate on in an essay. It's very useful to take writing apart to be able to see just the way that it accomplishes its objectives. It's the applicant's responsibility to be certain that all materials are submitted.
Friday, May 15, 2020
Jeff Koons is an American sculptor, painter, and multimedia artist. He attended Maryland Institute College of Art located in Baltimore. He worked as a Wall Street commodities broker before he became an artist. Jeff Koons was born January 21, 1955 in York, Pennsylvania to parents Henry and Gloria Koons. His mother worked as a seamstress and his father was a furniture dealer and interior decorator. Oxford art online stated that in the1980s Jeff Koons won international recognition as a radical exponent of an NEOÃ¢â¬â GEO. Artsy states that Ã¢â¬Å"Jeff Koons plays with ideas of taste, pleasure, celebrity and commerce.Ã¢â¬ Koons commented that his art and personal life is based in advertisement and media completely. He states that he has always lovedÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦(Rothkope 15). Jeff Koons had a record for the highest selling piece of art. He achieved the record auction price for a living artist when someone paid $ 584 million at ChistieÃ¢â¬â¢s in Manhattan for his balloon dog, (Orange) 1955. Koons the States that all his works come from inspirations. (Lacayo 2014). He states that he hates when people focus on the price of his art he told New York Times Ã¢â¬Å"itÃ¢â¬â¢s not about the money, Other young artists I wanted to engage in the excitement of making art and sharing ideas, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what the art world means to me. This pieces Ã¢â¬Å"woman in tub (1988) was an inspiration from when he was younger. His grandfather had an ashtray in their television room; it was a small porcelain over girl in a bath tub. Koons explains that it was white with pink and blue details. He states that this piece also references Magnets and Degas. A few of his series that I love are equilibrium, banality, and made in heaven. Jeff Koons has made many different types of art and all of them are known to all the art world but These three are the main ones that was the talk about or create controversy. In 1985 stated by Rothkope Jeff Koons exhibition Ã¢â¬Å"equilibriumÃ¢â¬ came out. This exhibition was of equilibrium tanks with blue the Glass aquariumÃ¢â¬â¢s that held one or more basketball submerge in precise combination of distilled water and seawater that kept them suspended in the center of the tank. In a TV series called art 21 Jeff Koons talks about is Ã¢â¬Å"BanalityÃ¢â¬ series. He stated
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
What we know today as the Internet began as a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) project in 1969, which was designed to connect several research databases across the country. However, until the end of 1991, the advances were almost completely technical, as the goals set by those responsible in its growth were beyond what the hardware was capable of providing. In 1988, the Internet began to receive attention in the popular press, when the first documented computer virus was released at Cornell University. 1991 marked the beginning of the transition of the Internet as we know it today, with the National Science FoundationÃ¢â¬â¢s reinterpretation of its Acceptable Use Policy to allow for commercial traffic across its network, theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Surratt in 2001 notes that some use the internet as a lawless zone to tout online hate, shielded by claims of free speech, others who have failed to grasp the technology form a sort of lower class of Ã¢â¬Å"have-n otsÃ¢â¬ . The Internet is frequently considered as the great meeting ground for people of different cultures. Whether these interactions are considered synergistic or simply collisions is very dependent on who the parties are, what context they meet in, and the overall social context, both online and offline that exists at the time of their interactions. One anecdote of praise from Valvovic is that the Ã¢â¬Å"core values of humanity seem to get hammered out at ground level rather than in the stratospheric soarings of detached thinkers.Ã¢â¬ Indeed, the Internet serves as a central hub of dialogue among all class levels, but Valvovic points out that there is a very real danger in old and new value systems will fail to meet within cyberspace, instead Ã¢â¬Å"quietly exchang[ing] places in the chaos of a transitional society Ã¢â¬Ëdistracted from distraction,Ã¢â¬â¢ in the words of T.S. Eliot. As the internet becomes an increasing more accessible academic tool, it also is becoming more and more polluted with inaccurate information. Common criticism of the information onShow MoreRelatedHistory of Internet10240 Words Ã |Ã 41 PagesHISTORY OF COMPUTERS AND THE INTERNET OUTLINE 1B MODULE Steps Toward Modern Computing 31 First Steps: Calculators 31 The Technological Edge: Electronics 31 Putting It All Together: The ENIAC 36 The Stored-Program Concept 36 The ComputerÃ¢â¬â¢s Family Tree 37 The First Generation (1950s) 37 The Second Generation (Early 1960s) 38 The Third Generation (Mid-1960s to Mid-1970s) 39 The Fourth Generation (1975 to the Present) 41 A Fifth Generation? 44 The Internet Revolution 45 Lessons Learned 48 Read MoreThe History Of The Internet2033 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe history of the Internet starts with the making of electronic computers in the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s. After a bunch of rabble The first concepts of the Internet were invented in the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s who saw much use in allowing computers to share information. It was mainly used for scientific and military purposes, research, development, and sorts. J.C.R. Licklider of MIT first suggested the idea of a global network of computers in 1962. He moved to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to develop the InternetRead MoreHistory of the Internet535 Words Ã |Ã 2 PagesInternet The Internet is a child of the 1960s. 1969 was when the first network of computers, ARPANET, communicated with one another. I took a full decade before the Internet was developed. In 1984, domain names were introduced, bringing with them, the familiar suffixes of Ã¢â¬Å"comÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"orgÃ¢â¬ (Anonymous, 2013). It didnÃ¢â¬â¢t become widely used until the 1990s when two significant developments arrived. In 1991, the World Wide Web (Web 1.0) was released, along with hyper-links, which made navigation easierRead More History Of The Internet Essay1527 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHistory of the Internet Works Cited Buick, Joanna and Jevtic, Zoran. Introducing Cyberspace. New York, NY: Totem Books, 1995. Crick, Prof. Rex E. E-Mail History. [Online] Available http://www2.uta.edu/geology/compulit/mailhist.html, December 20, 1999. Hafner, Katie and Lyon, Mathew. Where Wizards Stay up Late. New York, NY: nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Simon amp; Schuster Inc., 1996. quot;Internet.quot; Encyclopedia Britannica, 1999 ed. Kristula, Dave. The History ofRead More The History of the Internet Essay1277 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe History of the Internet When one thinks of the internet, one may think of America Online, Yahoo!, or of Sandra Bullock being caught up in an espionage conspiracy. For me, it is a means of communication. A way to talk to some of my friends who live off in distant places such as Los Angeles, New Jersey, and the Philippines. The U.S. Defense Department originally had this intent in mind when they connected a computer network with various other radio and satellite networks.[1 Krol] They wantedRead MoreThe History of Internet Piracy1122 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe History of Internet Piracy and its Impacts Internet piracy and copyright infringement have become major issues around the globe. Internet piracy has also evolved significantly since its beginnings. The effects are particularly felt by multiple industries, including the music, movie and software industries. As a result of the overwhelming effects of piracy, many pieces of legislation have either been proposed or passed in the United States. Piracy has significantly impacted the Internet as aRead MoreHistory Of Internet On The World1486 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesJosh Margolis EMF140 November 2, 2015 History of Internet Before the the Internet was created, linking the world, human beings were already thinking with a connected mind. While messages obviously were unable to be transferred electronically, humans invented different ways to trade information and news with other people. Firstly was the post. In order to send a friend a message, a letter would have had to been written and mailed. Mailing messages was a long process, often taking days to getRead More The History Of The Internet Essay2287 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pages nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The internet has come a very long way in the past 50 years. New inovations such as integrated software and hardware has changed the way that poeple view and obtain information today. The internet is a global computer network connecting millions and millions of users throughout the world. quot;It is a network connecting many computer networks and is based on a common addressing system and communications protocol.quot;It has become one of the fastest growing forms ofRead MoreThe History of Computers and the Internet1457 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWith the invention of the internet in the late 1960s and early 1970s, no one had a clue what it would one day develop into. When computers started becoming an everyday household appliance and the internet became more widespread, social networking sites (SNS) were developed as a means of communicating with people across the world. Friendster was launched in 2002, and grew rapidly over the course of three months as people started connecting and networking over the internet instead of in person. MyspaceRead MoreThe History and Development of the Internet1937 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesstart with, we have to discuss the historical backdrop of the Internet and its development. The Internet developed out of improvements in bundle exchanging and circulated machine systems intended to be secure in time of war. Throughout the last few decades, the Internet has had monstrous developing. Several years back, numerou s individuals completed not have machine information and were not mindful of how to utilize it. Today, the Internet is utilized regularly for just about every errand. A huge number
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss About The Postulated In Domain Of Sleep Deprivation? Answer: Introducation There are several hypothesis postulated in order to ascertain the affect of sleep deprivation on the degree of mental alertness. This essay discusses on the two most important hypothesis postulated in the domain of sleep deprivation and tries to finds the significance of those two hypotheses under the light of the six different research papers conducted under the similar domain. Sustained Attention Performance During Sleep Deprivation: Evidence of State Instability According to the hypothesis postulated by Doran, Dongen, Dinges, sleep deprivation in humans did not eradicate the strength to deliver neurobehavioral functions but on contrary it creates a imbalance in the state to alertness of the sleep deprived individual, preventing him or her in maintain stable pr alert performance for more than a minute. Sleep deprivation has significant affect on the performance variability and it is expressed as intermittent lapsing. This sleep deprivation affects the causes a state if instability along with as escalating homeostatic drive for sleep, uncontrolled initiation of sleep and strong resistance to prevent sleep by using compensatory effort. This state of instability affects the neurobehavioral performance. This imbalance in the neurobehavioral performance causes moment to moment divergence from attention with is associated with the homeostatic drive for sleep and circadian promotion of wakefulness. The Psychomotor Vigilance Test (PVT) Using done via implementing 88 hours of sleep deprivation was conducted in order to prove this hypothesis. The obtained results showed that the controlled group who was allowed to take 2 hours of NAP after every 12 hours (88 hours total) performed better in the PVT. Moreover, the results also showed that the performance variability of those who were kept awake for more than 18 hours at a stretch, declines rapidly accompanied with lack of motivation (Doran et al., 2001). However, the hypothesis claims that the state of instability does not eliminate the sustained neurobehavioral responses. It only hampers or decelerates specific neurobehavioral functions like alertness, problem solving skills, psychomotor skills while promoting false responding. A sleep deprived person is able to perform short term task with alertness but when the difficulty and the duration of the task increases then the sleep deprived persons faces problems and this problem increases with the tenure of the sleep deprivation (Doran et al., 2001). Prefrontal Neuropsychological Effects of Sleep Deprivation in Young Adultsa Model for Healthy Aging The prefrontal complex is the portion of the brain which is mainly responsible for a variety of different complex behaviors which includes planning as well as contributes to personal development. This is located in the front of the frontal lobe of the brain. Authors have found integral link between a people will to live along with their personality development and that of the functions of prefrontal cortex. They also contribute to decision making and moderating social behaviour. However, authors have developed a hypothesis which states that sleep deprivation in young adults results in impairment of the prefrontal cortex which is very similar to that of the preferential impairment that occurs in old age people during the time of their healthy aging. Authors are of the opinion that young people who suffer from sleep deprivation results in changes of the prefrontal complex in a pattern which is very similar to the modification that occur naturally in the prefrontal region of the brain i n the old people. Therefore they have put forward a hypothesis that of they conduct research models by taking sleep deprived patients of the younger cohort, they would be able to study the normal process of aging of the brain of the old which would be beneficial for invention of new facts (Harrison, Horne Rothwell, 2000). Comparison of both the hypothesis: Both the hypothesis reflects two different arenas of research. The first hypothesis mainly determines the activity of the prefrontal cortex in the sleep deprived young people. This hypothesis mainly talk about choosing the model of alterations occurring in the brain of sleep deprived young individuals which according to the authors are comparable to the alteration that take place during healthy aging of the old people. On the other hypothesize, authors mainly stressed on the performance level of individuals working in asleep deprived condition. In this hypothesis , authors state that long sleep deprived individuals are seen o provide forced compensatory effort which help them to accomplish short time tasks but they fail to provide concentration and attention when they are asked to complete in long sustained task which requires continuous attention. If the individuals are provided naps in between, the lapses frequency reduces resulting in better concentration. Otherwise the individual s who are sleep deprived will have frequent sleep attacks as well as lapses which will ultimately result the individual to go into uncontrollable sleep which eliminate wakefulness itself in the individual. A number of studies have been conducted so far in order to ascertain the basis of these two above-mentioned hypotheses. The current essay sheds light on how these two above-mentioned hypotheses hold true or deviated in the actual case scenarios. The comparison or the relatedness of these hypotheses is done via analysing 6 research papers which are framed 'specifically to ascertain the significance of these two hypotheses. Increasing Task Difficulty Facilitates the Cerebral Compensatory Response to Total Sleep Deprivation this study was conducted by Sean and this group of researchers in the year of 2004. Their aim of the study is to analyse the affect of task difficulty on the cerebral compensatory response of total sleep deprived people. Here the participants where were asked to perform the modified version of the Baddeleys Logical reasoning task while their are monitored via the magnetic resonance imagining. They were monitored twice, once after the normal tenure of sleep and once after 35 long hours of total sleep deprivation. The task was also simultaneously modified in order to parametrically manipulate the level of task difficulty. The participants were young (age mean: 27.6 +/- 6.1 years). The results showed that the degree of task difficulty facilitates the cerebral compensatory response during the tenure of total sleep deprivation. This compensatory response was found to express in new in new regions of the brain that otherwise has no relation with the task demand under the normal/well rested condition. Moreover, stronger compensatory responses are generated in the regions of the brain which are significantly related with the process of undergoing the task during well rested condition (Drummond et al., 2004). This study works in sync with the hypothesis 1 (sustained action performance), which states that a sleep deprived person is able to perform short term task with alertness via generating compensatory response in the brain (Doran et al., 2001). The paper Lapsing during Sleep Deprivation Is Associated with Distributed Changes in Brain Activation has been authored by researchers Chee et al., in the year 2008. Twenty four right handled male and female patients were allocated for the experiment out of which 17 subjects were ultimately incorporated to the experiential setting. They visited the laboratory three times each time with predefined activities. After the conducting of the activities and tests taken by researchers it was found that sleep depression resulted in slower as well as less accurate and more variable performance and also affected different task related activity performance. Lapses were also found to be associated with reduction of virtual and cortical activities in SD patients. The researchers performed functional magnetic resonance imaging during visual as well as selective attention task and mainly noticed the correct responses in a trial by trail pattern and then modelled the effects of the response. When com parison are done between sleep deprived individuals and individuals taking normal night sleep, it was found that lapses differ as the previous had reduced ability of the frontal and parietal region to raise activation to respond to the lapses, resulted in reduction of activation of visual sensory cortex and reduced thalamic activation during lapses in comparison to elevated activation in non lapse period (Chee et al., 2008). This theory has inculcate the mixing of both the hypothesis as the authors have used the prefrontal characteristic changes in sleep deprived patients like the first hypothesis and showed their effect on the brain function and normal activity level of the participants in regular tasks like the second hypothesis. Chee and Choo conducted experiments and published their work through the Functional Imaging of Working Memory after 24 Hr of Total Sleep Deprivation which was published in the year 2004. The authors had mainly incorporated 14 participants who were young and were right handed. The main motive of the study was to analyze the neurobehavioral effects after 24 hour of sleep in those young adults. Before conducting magnetic resonance imaging, they were allowed to go through two tests (LTS and PLUS) one with testing maintenance in four blocks and the other in manipulation and maintenance in three blocks. Response time after sleep deprivation in both the tasks was slower. An interesting observation was found here. Different patterns of changes occurred in the different portion of the parietal frontal portions of the brain which result in cognitive impairment of the brain regions after sleep deprivation. However, increased prefrontal and thalamic activation helps the participants to undertak e compensatory adaptation. All the finding of the papers help the researchers to come to a conclusion that more complex tasks are well done by sleep deprived individuals than simple tasks. This is based on the first hypothesis as researchers have mainly discussed about the brain regions related functional modifications and have also stated that this model matches with occurrences of changes of the elder adults (Chee Choo, 2004). Drummond et al. had published a paper Sleep deprivation-induced reduction in cortical functional response to serial subtraction in the year 1999. They had the main aim of studying the effects of sleep deprivation on the different functional alteration in the brain and thereby to study these changes. For these, they had taken thirteen normal healthy subjects after taking their written consents. They were made to perform 4 different tasks twice a day and at the same time fMRI scans were done once after a normal night sleep and one after a sleep deprived sleep. Arithmetic tasks were mainly conducted. The authors wanted to know that whether the prefrontal cortex and parietal lobe had any alterations due to the affects of SD. It was seen that in comparison to that after the normal night sleep, activities of the mentioned regions of the brain decreased after sleep deprivation especially in the PFC (Drummond et al., 1999). The work aligns with the first hypothesis as the main discussion re mains concerned with the effects on the different parts of the brain and their related functional decrease or functional loss. The study, The Neural Basis of Psychomotor Vigilance Test was conducted Drummond with the group of researchers in the year of 2005. The aim of the study is to identify the regions of the brains that promote fastest and slowest reaction times during the Psychomotor Vigilance Test (PVT). The study was conducted under well-rested conditions and is particularly directed towards the specific regions of the brain, which deliver extremely poor performance during the tenure of sleep deprivation. The study was conducted with 20 right handed healthy adults (age mean: 27.4 +/- 6.7 years) who were made to undergo two PVTs and while they are giving PVT, their brains were analysed under magnetic resonance imaging. These two PVT tests were performed after every 12 hours (after waking up from a normal night sleep) and after 36 hours of total sleep deprivation. The results obtained showed that optimal performance of the brain during the PVT test depends on the activation of both sustained attention s ystem and motor system. The poor performance following the PVT, recorded after the total sleep deprivation is the result of the poor attention. However, in order to make up the poor performance, brain at times elicit compensatory response to that particular positions of the brain that are responsible for fast and attentive performance. These findings are in accordance with the hypothesis 1 (sustained action performance) which states that the poor performance of the individuals in the PVT after TSD is a result of the decrease in the mental alertness or poor attention. The brain fails to stay alert after prolong hours of sleep deprivation and hence provides poor result in the PVT (Doran et al., 2001). The aim of the study, Neural basis of alertness and cognitive performance impairments during sleepiness. I. Effects of 24 h of sleep deprivation on waking human regional brain activity, conducted by Thomas et al., in the year of 2000 was to analyse the significance of the hypothesis which states that the negative effects of the sleep deprivation on alertness and cognitive performance is a result of the decrease in the activity of the brain, mainly in the sub cortical region and prefrontal cortex. In order to conduct the study, Thomas et al., performed Positron Emission Tomography (PET) over 17 normal subjects who were sleep deprived for 85 hours. They used Fluorine 2-deoxyglucose (FDG) is a marker to detect the cerebral metabolic rate of the glucose (CMRglu) and simultaneous neuronal synaptic activity. 2 scans per subject was done per 24 hours intervals. The study showed short term sleep deprivation results in global decrease in the brain activity with significant decrease in the glo bal CMRglu. This study works in sync with both the hypotheses. It proved the influence of prefrontal cortex on neuropsychological effects of the sleep deprivation and also indicated that how sleep deprivation cast a negative impact on the cognitive performance and alertness (Doran et al., 2001; Harrison, Horne Rothwell, 2000). Thus from the above discussion it can be concluded that the sleep deprivation has a prominent affect on the degree of alertness of the brain and is mostly concerned with the prefrontal cortex of the brain. Reference List Chee, M. W., Choo, W. C. (2004). Functional imaging of working memory after 24 hr of total sleep deprivation.Journal of Neuroscience,24(19), 4560-4567. Chee, M. W., Tan, J. C., Zheng, H., Parimal, S., Weissman, D. H., Zagorodnov, V., Dinges, D. F. (2008). Lapsing during sleep deprivation is associated with distributed changes in brain activation.Journal of Neuroscience,28(21), 5519-5528. Doran, S. M., Van Dongen, H. P. A., Dinges, D. F. (2001). Sustained attention performance during sleep deprivation: evidence of state instability.Archives italiennes de biologie,139(3), 253-267. Drummond, S. P., Brown, G. G., Salamat, J. S., Gillin, J. C. (2004). Increasing task difficulty facilitates the cerebral compensatory response to total sleep deprivation.Sleep,27(3), 445-451. Drummond, S. P., Brown, G. G., Stricker, J. L., Buxton, R. B., Wong, E. C., Gillin, J. C. (1999). Sleep deprivation?induced reduction in cortical functional response to serial subtraction.Neuroreport,10(18), 3745-3748. Harrison, Y., Horne, J. A., Rothwell, A. (2000). Prefrontal neuropsychological effects of sleep deprivation in young adults--a model for healthy aging?.Sleep,23(8), 1067-1073. Sean P. A. Drummond, Amanda Bischoff-Grethe, David F. Dinges, Liat Ayalon, Sara C. Mednick, M. J., Meloy. (2005). The Neural Basis of Psychomotor Vigilance Test. Sleep, 28(9), 1059-68. Thomas, M., Sing, H., Belenky, G., Holcomb, H., Mayberg, H., Dannals, R., ... Welsh, A. (2000). Neural basis of alertness and cognitive performance impairments during sleepiness. I. Effects of 24 h of sleep deprivation on waking human regional brain activity.Journal of sleep research,9(4), 335-352.
Tuesday, April 14, 2020
Death Penalty Persuasive Essay English 10 Week 15 Persuasive Essay Death Penalty There are many different stances on the issue of the death penalty, also known as death row. The death penalty has been used for many years, dating as far back as the eleventh century, B.C. With new laws, the penalty is now exclusively used for murder cases, and sometimes rape cases. But, the death penalty should be abolished for many reasons that many different groups of people should support. As Catholics, we turn to the bible and prayer for answers. Most people will read the scripture you shall not murder exodus 20:13 NIV and instantly say the death penalty is wrong because we are murdering the guilty. According to google definitions, the definition of murder is the unlawful premeditated killing of one human being by another. With that being said, the death penalty is not wrong according to the 7th commandment because the death penalty is set by the law. But, as Catholics we also dont believe, as humans, we should play God and decide who goes on death row and who doesnt. Pro-life means All Life not just the infant in the womb. Not just the elderly, the homeless, the ill, and the infirm. All life. As a religion devoted to the sanctity of life we can't differentiate. The state has an obligation to protect society from those who would practice evil upon it, but it should do so by incarcerating them for a lifetime. Execution actually cost more than life in prison. The death penalty is unnecessary and immoral, and does not respect the sanctity of human life. Stated by Lauren Sylvest, member of the Catholic Church. When asked on Facebook weather people believe in the death penalty should be abolished or not, Roy Guilbeau Jr. stated I don't believe in it. I don't think we, as humans, have the right to decide who lives or dies. For those that would take life I believe in a lifetime of hardcore imprisonment with extremely hard labor. Those who murder or abuse the innocent get off too easy with the death penalty. I also think this would deter future criminals because some of these people are just looking for death and 15 minutes of fame. This statement makes a huge point to why the death penalty should be abolished. Most criminals would rather be dead than spend life in prison. Also, while in prison, some convicts might find Jesus and become saved and change their life. Serial killers often have mental disabilities and they can get help while in prison. Prison might be the only thing saving some people. In 2004, Cameron Todd Willingham was executed in Texas for starting the fire that killed his children. The Texas Forensic Science Commission has determined that the arson testimony that led to his conviction was based on flawed science. As of today, 138 wrongly convicted people who were sentenced to death have been exonerated. DNA is rarely available in homicides, often irrelevant, as in the Willingham case, and cant guarantee we wont execute innocent people. Capital juries are dominated by people who favor the death penalty and are more likely to vote to convict. Not only is the system immoral, it also has flaws. Though there are few people who believe in the death penalty, most believe that it isnt right. The death penalty should be abolished because its not the place for the legal system to decide who dies, and who lives.
Thursday, March 12, 2020
Latent Defect Essays Latent Defect Paper Latent Defect Paper Mike Christensen December 10, 2009 CM 385: Section 1 Final Paper How Can A Contractor Avoid Liability for Defective Work? Every contract created produces a margin of risk and a platform for success. Depending on how one manages the risk assumed, one may either excel and shine in the glory of success or drown and disappear in the raging waters of error. Nevertheless, to become great one must take that step of faith into the flailing wind. As said by Leo F. Buscalglia, Ã¢â¬Å"The person who risks nothing Ã¢â¬â does nothing, has nothing, is nothing, and becomes nothing. He may avoid suffering and sorrow, but he simply cannot learnÃ¢â¬ ¦ and growÃ¢â¬ ¦ and live. Ã¢â¬ (Buscalglia, 2009) The contractor who is bound to the owner must understand the risk assumed regarding defective work. This understanding will create a critical eye for the contractor that will help mitigate risk. To begin, the contractor must recognize what a defect is and the different categories that a defect may be classified as; the various categories will provide opportunities for the contractor to have future claims barred after acceptance. The two main classifications for defective work are known as: patent defects and latent defects. According to the Steven H. Gifis, the author of Law Dictionary, a patent defect is a Ã¢â¬Å"defect that could be recognized upon reasonably careful inspection or through the use of ordinary diligence and care. Ã¢â¬ To assist in avoiding claims against the contractor due to patent defects, a contractor will create a punch-list, which list will include specific items that need to be checked; and if needed, corrected, prior to the sale of the project. Usually the contractor will walk through the project with the owner to identify any corrections needed. Upon acceptance of the work by the owner, which can be manifest by payment or taking possession of the project (i. e. substantial completion), any future patent defect claims cannot be brought against the contractor. The defect should have been recognized upon a reasonably careful inspection, completed by filling out the punch list. A prime example where a contractor and owner are protected by a future claim of defective work is found in the case, Inman v. Binghamton Housing Authority. It was six years after the completion of the Saratoga Terrace apartment complex when a child ell off the back porch stoop and received severe injuries. The parents of the child claimed that the contractor and owner were responsible due to their negligence in constructing the stoop without a protective railing. The court referenced back to the Campo v. Schofield case, which states, Ã¢â¬Å"We have not yet reached the state where a manufacturer is under the duty of making a machine accident proof or foolp roof. Ã¢â¬ The court also noted that the complex had been used without accident for six years and that it did not conceal any dangers or defective work that would not have been found by a reasonable inspection. The outcome of the case proved that the pleading did not contain any allegation of a defect, and that the liability rested upon the parents of the child. Consequently, the phrase Caveat Emptor (Buyer Beware) protects the contractor from future claims as long as the defective work existed at the time of inspection and could have reasonably been identified. Nevertheless, a contractor must also understand that if the defective work is classified as a latent defect, the risk and liability associated with this defect may be transferred back to the contractor. Therefore, a contractor must understand what a latent defect is and how risk might be lessened. The Law Dictionary defines a latent defect as a Ã¢â¬Å"flaw that is discovered after delivery; usually, latent defects are inherent weaknesses which normally are not detected by examination or routine tests, but which are present at the time of manufacture or are aggravated by use. Ã¢â¬ (2003) Consequently, this flaw may not be found until the structure or member fails, which rapidly increases the liability of the project. The most identifiers for these failures are unsatisfactory material, workmanship, or design; all of these produce results that do not comply with the contract requirements. In reference to the three common identifiers mentioned above, the most difficult to resolve is the case where the material is defective Ã¢â¬â who is responsible Ã¢â¬â the owner, architect, manufacturer, or contractor? The variety of materials is so vast and the testing so limited, that the various personnel mentioned above try to cut costs without assuming the liability. In the case, Wood-Hopkins Contracting Co. v. Masonry Contractors Inc. , Masonry Contractors Inc. ontracted to install and clean the masonry for an apartment complex in Atlanta, Georgia. Upon substantial completion, water was found leaking into the apartment due to the recently constructed masonry wall. Wood-Hopkins immediately accused Masonry Contractors Inc. for the defective work and requested that they waterproof the entire structure (a c ost of $12,255. 00). Masonry Contractors Inc. recognized that the leak came from the wall constructed by their crew, but affirmed that the contract had specifically called out the means and method of installation and material to be used, and that the material was defective, not their work. In the end, the material was found to be defective, which defect caused a failure in the bond. Thus, if the contractor follows the specifications of the owner, which specifications are found in the contract documents, the contractor is able to transfer the liability back to the owner and proceed with minimal risk. In regards to minimizing the risk associated with latent defects, a contractor should obtain the greatest amount of training to increase his workmanship, and then follow the specifications of the contract. If any questions arise during construction, he should consult the owner and designer so that liability and risk will be transferred. . In the case, Southwest Welding v. The United States, the contractor, Southwest Welding, contracted with the government to build several sections of penstock. Upon completion of each section, the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s Contracting Officer would approve the section and installation of the section would commence and final payment would be made. The contract clearly stated that welds would be radiographically examined and that the Contracting Officer was the only person authorized to accept the work. After installing 15 sections of penstock, the Contracting Officer requested a different test be performed on the welds, which test required that the contractor remove and replace 348,000 inches of welding, equaling an additional cost of $543,343. 76. The Contractor sent letters of clarification, stating that the work previously performed met the contracted requirements and that the work requested would be additional work and would require extra compensation. After traveling the courts, the appellate court sided with the contractor due to the communication which clearly identified the requested work as extra work, because the contractor met the requirements of the contract. In conclusion, a contractor has the opportunity to take the precautions and steps necessary to bar future patent defect claims by creating a punch-list and walking through the project with the owner. The ownerÃ¢â¬â¢s power of acceptance enforces the contractual phrase Caveat Emptor. Nevertheless, if the defects are considered to be a latent efect, the owner can still trace liability back to the owner. Because of this, the contractor must provide excellent workmanship and follow the specific language of the contract documents. By so doing, the responsibility and liability of the project flows back to the owner who initially took the risk to live, to learn, and invest in his project. Buscalglia, Leo f. (2009). ThinkExist. com. Retrieved 11 25, 2009, from http://thinke xist. com/quotation/the_person_who_risks_nothing-does_nothing-has/148405. html Inman v Binghamton Housing Authority, 3 N. Y. d 137 (Court of Appeals of New York July 3, 1957). Campo v. Schofield, 301 N. Y. 468, 95 N. E. 2d 802 Inman v. Binghamton Housing Authority, 3 N. Y. 2d 137; 143 N. E. 2d 895 Latent Defect. (2003). In The Law Dictionary. Retrieved December 2nd, 2009 from answers. com/topic/latent-defect Patent Defect. (2003). In The Law Dictionary. Retrieved December 2nd, 2009 from answers. com/topic/latent-defect Southwest Welsidng Manufacturing Company v. The United States, 188 Ct. Cl. 925 Wood-Hopkins Contracting Co v. Masonry Contractors Inc. , 235 So. 2d 548
Monday, February 24, 2020
Research methods for business - Essay Example Motivating employees to reach company goals involves giving employees an incentive to perform to expectations, by appealing to their needs at the psychological level or from a financial perspective. In some industries, businesses develop incentives schemes in order to motivate employees to reduce current absentee levels (Kohn, 1999), as one relevant example. Spitzer (2000) further offers that in order for any reward structure to be successful, the business must first create what is referred to as a scheme of recurrence, which basically means a consistent reward structure which has very clearly defined rewards for specific performance activities. "If reward structures reflect what is asked for, it will become a systematic reality" (Spitzer, 2000, p.81). This would suggest that it would be highly important for a business to fully understand what types of specific rewards would be embraced by employees prior to adopting and launching a reward scheme. Individual recognition could theoretically come in many forms, such as the aforementioned promise of promotion for meeting target goals, praising the employee in front of managers, colleagues or clients, or offering an incentive bonus (after an annual review) which rewards the individual at a later time for meeting performance targets.1.1 Research question and objectives This proposed study research question seeks to uncover whether today's employees in the UK are motivated more by reward schemes or individual performance recognition' This study maintains two distinct objectives: Identify the perceptions of a wide variety of different employees, in different industries, regarding what they would consider to be an acceptable reward scheme to boost individual motivation. To uncover which methods are available to today's businesses to increase motivational levels of employees through individual recognition efforts. 1.2 Justification for research study This proposed research study is of considerable interest to today's businesses for many reasons. First, today's global economic recession is putting significant pressures on businesses to reduce the payouts associated with various reward schemes in order to recognise costs and satisfy budget restrictions (Blackwell, 2009). When facing budget problems, it would be of considerable interest to today's companies to explore whether individual recognition can provide the necessary motivation to make employees excel in their unique job functions so as to be able to abandon costly reward schemes. Further, only one in ten organisations, today, have been able to accurately measure whether any of their reward scheme expenditures have met with higher motivational levels as return on the investment (Blackwell). For businesses currently using reward schemes to motivate, but are unable to determine whether the investment is worth the